Absolutely, in fact I have done many contemporary kitchens with shaker doors. One thing to consider, use shaker style doors but get the rails in a custom 3" or 4" width. This decreases the size of the center panel and gives it a more modern feel.
Need help for a joinery unit for living area in contemporary home
Please Help!! How can I arrange/design this small living space?
Help make my kitchen better
Cabinet design/style ideas